Objectively, the new bureaucracy, which came to power after 1917, had to solve the main left by tsarism problem - the need for modernization and social cohesion. However, in its own way in solving this problem, it is dragged behind a trail of such other issues specific to its activity, they were able to firmly and permanently shroud shroud being the case, the root cause. War and the revolutionary crisis in Russia is objectively demanded by the society of rigid centralization and thereby put it before the need to update and strengthen the nation-state. When a wave of mob rule weakening Bolsheviks threw on the shore of the government, the party of Lenin was still largely captive archaic ideology of the last century, inherited from Marxism. This ideology does not correspond to their real historical mission, but comprises three essential elements that have allowed the party to quickly adapt to the dynamic of the revolutionary situation. Firstly, public demagogy of the Bolsheviks are closely linked with the interests of the party goals broad working (and not only workers, but also the broad, for example, soldiers) of the masses. They were socially and culturally and spiritually close to mass clear. Secondly, the Bolsheviks categorically rejected the principle of private property, which is the main obstacle in the way of social centralization. Third, they were willing to take any measures for the seizure and retention of power and it's in front of them widen the most powerful arsenals of state coercive techniques that were unique and of a variety of means of self-preservation society. By the end of 1917 everything else anyway it was invoked and exhausted.